This article will explain how to install a MySQL server on the Lenovo ix2-dl NAS. It will also demonstrate how to customize the boot process.

This MySQL server will be set up as the back-end for my MediaWiki installation running on a different server.

Enable SSH Access


Basic Config

Add the following to /etc/profile:

alias ls='ls --color'

# Set the locale properly
export LANG=en_US.utf8
export LANGUAGE=en_US:en

The locale settings were necessary to properly display Russian file names from a Terminal.

Custom Boot Scripts

One of the difficulties with this box is that it does not respect the startup scripts in /etc/rc* directories, even though they are there. Instead boot processes are managed by appmd, which uses an XML config file found here: /usr/local/cfg/sohoProcs.xml. Unfortunately, you can’t modify that file directly.

The /usr directory is actually part of the /boot/images/apps image mounted on /mnt/apps, so if we want to add anything to the startup config, we must modify the image itself.

Here are some scripts to help with that:


# edit the bootup config of the ix2
# inspired by http://www.chrispont.co.uk/2010/10/allow-startup-daemons-on-storcenter-ix2-200-nas/
# modified from http://techmonks.net/installing-transmission-and-dnsmasq-on-a-nas/
mknod -m0660 /dev/loop3 b 7 3
chown root.disk /dev/loop3
mkdir /tmp/apps
mount -o loop /boot/images/apps /tmp/apps
vi /tmp/apps/usr/local/cfg/sohoProcs.xml
sleep 1
umount /tmp/apps
rm /dev/loop3


# modified from http://techmonks.net/installing-transmission-and-dnsmasq-on-a-nas/

rm /opt/init-opt.log
echo "Last bootup:" >> /opt/init-opt.log
date >> /opt/init-opt.log
#Add your command below
/etc/init.d/rc.local start >> /opt/init-opt.log
while true; do
        sleep 1d

After creating these scripts, you must run /opt/editconfig.sh and make modifications to the opened file. At the end of <Group Level="2"> section:

<Group Level="2">

    ..... Other Program defs .....

    <Program Name="CustomInitScript" Path="sh">
        <SysOption Restart="-1"/>


After these modifications, you can place all your startup scripts into /etc/rc.local, which will be executed after you reboot.

svcd Performance Tweak

svcd is some sort of indexing service that tends to take up a lot of CPU. We can renice it though.

Since we now have access to sohoProcs.xml (see previous section), we can set the Nice level in there.

Run /opt/editconfig.sh, find the entry for svcd and add the Nice attribute:

<Program Disable="0" Name="Svcd" Path="/usr/local/svcd/svcd">
        <SysOption MaxMem="96M" Nice="19" Restart="-1"/>

Connecting to package (ipkg) repositories

LifeLine Linux distro in this NAS is based on NSLU2-Linux, so we can make use of their resources.

Open /etc/ipkg.conf and add the following:

src cross http://ipkg.nslu2-linux.org/feeds/optware/cs08q1armel/cross/unstable
src native http://ipkg.nslu2-linux.org/feeds/optware/cs08q1armel/native/unstable
root@ix2-dl:/# ipkg update

MySQL Installation

root@ix2-dl:/# ipkg install mysql5

This will install MySQL and dependencies into /opt (aka /mnt/system/opt), but the permissions will be wrong so the server won’t start after installation. You need to follow these steps:

  • Add mysql user through the Web Console
  • Fix permissions
root@ix2-dl:/# chmod o+w /opt/var
root@ix2-dl:/# chown -R mysql /opt/mysql-test
root@ix2-dl:/# chown -R mysql /opt/var/mysql
  • In /etc/passwd change home directory for ‘mysql’ user to /opt/var/mysql
  • Setup environment
root@ix2-dl:/# su - mysql
mysql@ix2-dl:/# vi .bashrc

Add the following:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/bin
  • Start MySQL. As root:
root@ix2-dl:/# /opt/share/mysql/mysql.server start
Starting MySQL..
  • Configure the server. Follow the wizard and change the root password.
root@ix2-dl:/# su - mysql
mysql@ix2-dl:/# /opt/bin/mysql_secure_installation
  • Log in:
root@ix2-dl:/# su - mysql
mysql@ix2-dl:/# mysql -u root -p
Enter password: *****
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 13
Server version: 5.0.88 optware distribution 5.0.88-1

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
| Database           |
| information_schema | 
| lib                | 
| log                | 
| mysql              | 
| test               | 
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
  • To start the server on reboot, open /etc/rc.local and add:
# Start MySQL server
/opt/share/mysql/mysql.server start

Note: This last step will only work if you followed instruction in the “Custom Boot Scripts” section.

You are done!

Importing the Wiki Database

mysql@ix2-dl:/# mysql -u root -p
mysql> create database wikidb;
mysql> CREATE USER 'wiki'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '********';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wikidb.* TO 'wiki'@'%';
mysql@ix2-dl:/# mysql -u wiki -p wikidb < wikidb-db-backup.sql

Daily Backups of the Wiki Database

The wiki database is backed up and versioned with RCS daily. Here is the setup:

  • Install RCS:
root@ix2-dl:/# ipkg install rcs
  • Backup script (/opt/var/mysql/mysqlbackup.cron.sh):

# Database specified with a "dbname user password" triple
databases=("wikidb wiki ******")



cd $WD

for database in "${databases[@]}"; do
 db=$(echo $database   | $AWK '{print $1}')
 user=$(echo $database | $AWK '{print $2}')
 pass=$(echo $database | $AWK '{print $3}')


 echo "Backing up database $db..."
 $MYSQLDUMP -u $user --password=$pass $db > $filename 2> MY_SQL_DUMP_ERROR_$db
 if [[ $? -ne 0 ]] ; then
   # The backup has failed. Send a notification e-mail
   # Success. Delete the error file if any and check in the new backup into RCS
   echo "Creating an RCS version for $db..."
   rm MY_SQL_DUMP_ERROR_$db 2>&1 > /dev/null
   export TMPDIR=$WD
   echo . | $CI -l -d"`date`" $filename


Cron Job